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Togidashi-Taka Maki-e (Burnished-Raised Maki-e)
production process

Starting with the Emperor Collection,
the highest Maki-e technique is only used on the highest ranked fountain pens.
That technique is “Togidashi-Taka Maki-e (Burnished-Raised Maki-e)”.
Compared to other Maki-e techniques, three-dimensional and deep expressions are possible,
however, this requires a lot of time, work and advanced skills.

  • 1

    Zuan

    Draw a design in lines on a piece of paper. Turn the paper, and trace the design in lacquer lines.

  • 2

    Okimetsuke

    Put the paper on the coated surface, and transfer the lacquer lines to the surface.

  • 3

    Sengaki

    【Sengaki】

    Draw lines in lacquer clearly along with the basic lines.

    【Funmaki】

    Before the lacquer dries up, sprinkle powdered gold and silver on the surface.

    【Fungatame】

    To prevent the powder from flying off, stick it on the surface with thin lacquer.

  • 4

    Jimaki

    【Jinuri】

    Varnish the larger parts of the surface.

    【Jimaki】

    Sprinkle powdered gold and silver to depict mist and so on in the background.

    【Jigatame】

    To prevent the powder from flying off, stick it with lacquer.

    【Nurikomi】

    Apply black lacquer to the whole surface.

  • 5

    Togidashi

    Scrape with charcoal the lacquer applied on the whole surface, and polish it to make the powdered gold appear.

  • 6

    Dozuri

    【Dozuri】

    To smooth the scraped surface, rub it once with charcoal powder and water.

    【Suriurushi】

    Wipe the whole surface with thin lacquer(dry it for half a day).

    【Migaki】

    Rub it with a cotton cloth with oil and tsunoko or powder made from burned antlers to make it polish.

    Repeat the processes of【suriurushi】and【migaki】.

  • 7

    Shitagaki

    【Shitagaki】

    Draw the picture in lacquer lines on top of the gold lines that have appeared on the scraped surface.

    【Sumikoage】

    Repeatedly sprinkle fine charcoal powder on the drawn picture.

    【Sumikogatame】

    With thin lacquer, stick the charcoal powder which have been sprinkled over and over (dry it for half a day).

    【Sumikotogi】

    Carefully scrape the charcoal powder swollen on the surface.

  • 8

    Takaage

    【Takaage】

    Pile up taka-makie lacquer or lacquer for Taka Maki-e on top of the raised charcoal powder (dry it for two days).

    【Takatogi】

    Scrape the raised surface with charcoal to remove unevenness.

  • 5

    Sengaki

    【Sengaki】

    Draw lines in lacquer on the raised parts.

    【Funmaki】

    Directly sprinkle powdered gold and silver.

    【Jigaki】

    Lacquer the areas inside the outline of the picture.

  • 6

    Suriurushi

    【Funtogi】

    Scrape the picture parts with charcoal to make powdered gold and silver appear on the surface.

    【Suriurushi】

    To prevent powdered gold and silver on the surface from pealing off, apply thin lacquer.

    【Funmigaki】

    Rub it with a piece of leather with grindstone powder and oil to polish.

  • 7

    Keuchi

    【Keuchi】

    Draw patterns in lacquer on the three-dimensional picture.

    【Funmaki】

    Sprinkle powdered gold and silver directly on the patterns drawn in lacquer.

    【Funtogi】

    To make it polish, scrape with charcoal the powdered gold and silver that have been sprinkled.

  • 8

    Migaki

    【Suriurushi】

    Stick the powder with thin lacquer

    【Funmigaki】

    By the bulbs of the fingers, polish powdered gold and silver with grindstone powder and oil.

    【Suriurushi】

    Wipe the whole surface with lacquer.

    【Migaki】

    Carefully and deliberately polish the whole surface with powder and oil to polish.

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